Geographical Position Indonesia and Why You Should Know
Geographical Position Indonesia – Indonesia is a country that has a strategic location because it is flanked by two continents, namely Asia and Australia and two oceans namely the Pacific and Indian Oceans.
Certainly this has its own advantages for Indonesia in various fields such as demography, social, international relations, and economics.
Indonesia is known as a country that has many islands and oceans.
Often referred to as a maritime country, too, because the sea is so vast.
Islands in Indonesia are around 17,000 islands.
The following is a complete explanation of Indonesia’s geographical location.
Starting from Understanding Indonesia’s geographical location, the influence of Indonesia’s geographical location on the economy, the influence of Indonesia’s geographical location on weather and climate, the influence of Indonesia’s geographical location on the distribution of flora and fauna, the influence of Indonesia’s geographical position on national security, etc.
Definition of Indonesian Geographical Position
Geographical location is the position of a place or country seen from the surface of the earth.
The geographical location of each country must be different including Indonesia because it depends on the extent and position of the country including Indonesia.
The area of Indonesia consists of 1,922,570 km2 in the form of land and 3,257,483 km2 in the form of water.
Meanwhile Indonesia has regional boundaries including:
The eastern part is bordered by the Pacific Ocean and Papua New Guinea.
The territory of Indonesia which is the boundary of course is the province of East Papua.
The western part borders on the Indian Ocean.
The northern part borders on the Pacific Ocean, the Malacca Strait, the Andaman Sea, the China Sea and East Malaysia.
The mainland area of Indonesia which is the border is East Kalimantan and West Kalimantan because it is adjacent to East Malaysia.
The southern part borders on the continent of Australia, the East Timor Sea, the Indian Ocean and the Arafura Sea.
Effect of Indonesia’s Geographical Position on the Economy
Such a strategic geographical location has its own advantages in the Indonesian economy.
Relations between countries are intertwined not only because of territorial similarities but also for the economic needs between countries.
Indonesia has a vast ocean area and strategic location, where the sea becomes a trade route.
The ship becomes one of the transportation to transport merchandise from and / to foreign countries.
This has happened for a long time even in the kingdom and colonial era in Indonesia.
It turns out that many outside nations have known Indonesia’s potential for a long time.
This should be a lesson for us to be able to be smarter in looking for potential economic progress in Indonesia.
The sea of Indonesia has natural wealth contained in it such as diverse fish, coral reefs and abundant seaweed.
It can be a state asset and can be used by the surrounding community to look for the economy.
The fishermen can go fishing for free in Indonesian sea waters.
Indonesia’s strategic geographical position does not necessarily make Indonesia safe from irregularities or crimes such as piracy and smuggling.
There are so many ships that sail and pass the Indonesian sea carrying merchandise that they become a field of money for pirates.
Meanwhile it is also an area prone to smuggling and so on.
The Effect Of Indonesian Geographic Troubles On Weather And Climate
Indonesia’s geographical location also affects natural conditions such as climate and weather.
As an island nation, many winds in Indonesia originate from sea breezes.
This causes Indonesia to have two seasons, namely drought and rain.
Because Indonesia is flanked by two continents, namely Asia in the northern hemisphere and Australia in the southern hemisphere, resulting in differences in air pressure on the two continents. as a result